Disasters in cities can arise from natural processes such as weather-related and geophysical hazards but also from human actions. Understanding disaster risks is a prerequisite not only for disaster risk reduction (DRR) but also for the assessment of climate change impacts and planning effective adaptation strategies. Mainstreaming DRR has gradually gained momentum since 1994.
However, since 2015 there has been a further push to ensure that DRR and climate change resilience are coherent, including in relation to key post-2015 global agendas, notably:
- The Sendai Framework of Disaster Risk Reduction,
- The Paris Agreement’s Adaptation Goal,
- The Sustainable Development Goals and the
- New Urban Agenda.