Worldwide, rapid urbanization of urban regions is contributing to an increase in disaster risks. The phenomenon of informal settlements in hazardous areas poses a particular challenge.
The past decades saw the Global South experiencing only a few locality-based resilience planning efforts which would have generated problem-solving practice models.
While focusing on global city competition and urban economy efficiency, extremely marginalised urban poor have been often excluded from national planning agendas, including those in the Philippines and other Southeast Asian countries.
Urban risk governance and risk-based land use planning to reduce inhabitants’ socio-economic vulnerability and enhance community adaptive capacity for resilience has not gained wide efficacy.